Believe it or not, it is quite simple. Have you ever noticed that in life, the
most obvious things are the hardest to see?
Bulls and bears keep track of all the previous highs and lows, no matter how far back they go. When bulls achieve a new high—higher than a
previous high—they do what I call “scoring a point,” and after the point is
scored, the market pulls back. Conversely, the bears, too, are trying to score
points by taking the market lower and making lower lows. When the bears
make a lower low, lower than a previous low, they “score a point,” which is
followed by a pullback
(Bulls and bears have memories like elephants; they never forget!)
IDENTIFYING HIGHS AND LOWS
A high is visible as two candles to the left, two candles to the right that
are lower than the center candle, and either the body or wick is higher.
A low is visible as two candles to the left and two candles to the right
that are higher than a center candle, and either the body or wick is lower
RESISTANCE AND SUPPORT
Bulls and bears play this eternal game 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Bulls fight for control, proving their strength by making new highs, and
bears fight for the opposite.
As they make new highs and lows, levels of support and resistance are
registered. The terms support and resistance were created back in the early
The 1900s in the stock market. Support occurs when traders begin buying, supporting a product, or stock, as it was falling. Conversely, resistance occurs
when traders feel prices are getting too high or expensive and they resist
buying at that price.
A and B
As traders supported a currency or stock at a certain price, a low or a new
low in price was created for that product, and when they resisted buying, a
new high was created for that currency. The game started when traders who
were buying and selling tried to take prices still higher or lower. Buyers
wanted prices to go lower so they could get a better deal, and sellers wanted
prices higher to enable greater profits. This game of trading started shortly
after Adam and Eve and has never ended. But it has just been within the past
few hundred years that it has been captured and monitored in charts.
Resistance occurs when the bulls move the market to a new high that is
higher than a previous high and the bears jump in aggressively selling,
attracting more sellers than buyers, interrupting the rally and creating a
retracement or pullback from that high. The new high becomes the new
level of resistance, which is defined as a market high or a price level where
bears start selling enough to interrupt and reverse a rally
Support occurs when bears move the market to a new low that is lower than
a previous low and the bulls jump in aggressively, buying to support the
price and attracting more buyers than sellers. That increased buying interrupts the dip and creates a retracement or pullback from that low. The new
low becomes the new level of support, which is where bulls start buying
enough to interrupt and reverse a dip. Bulls on the Forex are the buyers who
are looking for opportunities to buy a currency pair at a low price in order
to sell it at a higher price for profit (see Figure 5-3).
The definition of the phrase “buy low, sell high” differs from one bull
“Buy low, sell high” to you may mean buying a product for $10.00 and
selling it for $15.00. I may buy the same product for $7.00 and sell it for
$30.00. Either way, we are both buying low and selling high. However, if
you do your transaction seven times a day, you will make $35.00 and would
be considered “scalping.” I only need to do mine once to make $23.00 or
twice for $46.00, which is considered day trading. In the best of all possible scenarios, we would both buy right at the U-turn low and sell right at the
U-turn high, but rarely does it work that way. Most successful traders are
more focused and more comfortable trading mid-way of a price swing,
rather than going to extreme lows and highs in pursuit of profit.
As you read on, you will see I have pretty much figured out the where
and when to enter the market, as well as the why—which is the logical and
the educational reason behind entering the market at this point. Knowing
where the projected lows and highs will be will allow you as a trader to
know when it is time to get in and get out of the market.
Bulls want to take the market to higher levels, enabling them to buy
low and sell high. It is important to know how to identify those potential
targets the bulls are aiming for. Past highs or major levels of resistance can
be determined by looking at the current price and then working your way
backward as if you were climbing up a set of stairs
The major levels of resistance are the targets the bulls will be aiming
for if they are in control or if they take back control from the bears.
This happens when the market has reached a past level of resistance and
established a new high. There are two reasons for a pullback, as seen in
1. The first reason for a pullback could be the fact that traders that take
short positions most of the time place their protective stop-loss orders
near the last highs. This means that when the bulls hit that area, there
is a lot of buy stop orders and a lot of selling—perhaps more selling
than buying—taking place. Bulls succumb temporarily, bears start to
gain a little territory, and a pullback or dip takes place. As a rule,
prices will continue to fall until the bulls step in and support the price.
Near a past level of support
Near an uptrend line
At a Fibonacci up retracement number
Sometimes all three are at the same numerical price point, which is
then called a convergence.
2. The next reason for a pullback could be a Fibonacci up extension
level. We will go into more detail about Fibonacci numbers in
If the past level of resistance is penetrated and the uptrend is going to stay
in place, the bulls will step in and start buying heavily near the last low or
level of support. The first level of support becomes a great area to go long
in the market, provided you get a bullish candlestick formation near a level
LEARNING TO SHORT THE MARKET
Bears wish to require the market to lower levels, sanctionative them to sell high
and get low, that is nothing over shopping for low and mercantilism high backward. It is like your friend wants to sell his house for what you think to
be a good price.
He says, “I can sell you my house for $180,000. Anything you get over
that, you get to stay.” So you agree to buy his house at $180,000, providing you sell the house for more than you paid for it. The two of you agree
that you get 2 months to sell the house before you have got to really pass away
from him. As long as you sell it within two months for more than $180,000,
you are going to make a profit. All of a sudden, you find a buyer at
$220,000. Now you have to sell it to the buyer first before you buy it from
your friend. In order to create your profit and earn your cash, you now
need to sell 1st at a better worth and get second at a lower cost. In the
financial markets, this is called shorting the market, or going short, and
having the market go your way.
Here is however you sell 1st, buy second, and have the market go against
you. Let’s say that in the 2 months you’ll not sell the house,
and the market starts to crash. You panic as a result of the home is currently value solely
$160,000 and still falling, yet you are under contract to buy it for $180,000.
You decide to “dump it,” or sell for $160,000 to avoid any further loss. So you
sell it for $160,000, first, and then you buy it, second, at $180,000 and pay in
the difference. This time the market failed to go with your approach and you over up
buying high then selling low resulting in a loss of $20,000.
To avoid making losses, it is important to know how to identify those
potential targets the bears are aiming for. Past lows or major levels of support are determined by looking at the current price and then working your
way back as if you were walking down a set of stairs (see Figure 5-6).
The major levels of support are the targets the bears will be aiming
for if they are in control or want to take back control from the bulls. This
happens when the market reaches a past level of support and establishes a
new low. There are two reasons for the pullback (see Figure 5-7).
The first reason for a pullback could be the fact that traders that
take long positions most of the time place their protective stop-loss
orders near or at the last lows, meaning that when the bears hit that
price point, there are a lot of sell-stop orders and a tremendous
amount of shopping for going down, maybe a lot of shopping for than mercantilism.
Bears succumb temporarily and bulls start to gain a little territory,
and a pullback and small rally take place. As a rule, prices will
continue to rally until the bears step in and start selling again and
bulls begin to resist buying because of all the selling. Bulls resist
buying and bears start selling at one of three locations in a
Near a past level of resistance
Near a downtrend line
At a Fibonacci down retracement number
You may also find all three at the same numerical price point, which is
then called a convergence
2.A second reason for a pullback could be a Fibonacci down extension level, which I will discuss in Chapter 8.
If the past level of support is penetrated and the downtrend is going to hold,
the bears will step in and start selling heavily near the last high or level of
resistance. The first level of resistance becomes a great area to go short
in the market, provided you get a bearish candlestick formation near
PAST RESISTANCE CAN BECOME FUTURE SUPPORT
As bulls and bears continually play this wicked game of greed and
fear, bulls try to make higher highs and bears try to make lower lows. As
the market moves up, again and again, past resistance becomes future
support and becomes a great place to buy, but only after a bullish
candlestick formation seems at that the majority recent past level of resistance
PAST SUPPORT CAN BECOME FUTURE RESISTANCE
As the market moves down, again and again, past support becomes future resistance and becomes a good place to sell when a
bearish candlestick formation appears at that most recent past level of support
Last But not the list
Trading is a game. It is a game played by two sides—bulls and bears—
although there aren’t actual bulls and bears, just human traders with very
different opinions. They started out just like you and me, trying to figure
out how this market works. Some have been washed out. Some are still surviving and trying to learn. Others have made it big because they believed
in their dream and stayed focused until they figured out what works. The
way to learn how to win at this game is to work at it.
You have to move forward with the determination to succeed in this
game. After all, the majority of work is done for you in this book. Experiencing success at trading will teach you how ultimately to succeed—you
just need to take the time to understand truly what is written here.
Successful traders are successful for a reason. They take the time to
educate themselves first about the opportunity, and then they calculate the
risk versus the reward. With that calculated risk, they jeopardize their personal comfort level. A setback is an opportunity to start all over again more
intelligently the second time around. Giving up along the way is the
After teaching thousands of people how to trade, I would have to say
the one personal characteristic I would regard as being the most important
trait necessary to succeed at this game is the trait of persistence—the determination to endure to the very end after being knocked down 100 times,
and getting back up a 101st time with a positive attitude. When you get to
a point where you think this entire market, everything and everyone
involved in it, is against you and you adamantly feel you cannot hang on,
not for even one minute longer, it is right then and there that you cannot
give up. This could be the place and time when everything turns around for
you. The trader who can persist a little longer once his or her effort
becomes painful is the trader who will find success at trading. For
some reason, pain and suffering are our teachers and they help us persist
until we can succeed.
True winners keep playing until they get good at the game and get it
right. Our greatest achievement at trading is not in losing in a trade but in
getting right back in there after something went wrong and we lost on a
This game is not as hard as it looks. We make it hard. Successful traders
will do what unsuccessful traders won’t do. With their knowledge of how
that market works, they create a clear trading strategy and a trading plan
that they will follow with non-negotiable discipline.
Trading doesn’t come naturally for anybody. Learning to trade is not like
learning a sport such as a basketball or a football. When it comes to trading,
you get good by working hard and by practicing over and over again a trading technique that you understand. Success will come by not trying to do everything.
- You must keep it simple. Do not complicate it! When you make
a mistake, remember, what doesn’t destroy you will only make you a
stronger and wiser trader